The Alyscamps is a Roman necropolis a short distance outside the walls of the old town of Arles, one of the most famous necropolises of the ancient world. The Alyscamps was Arles' main burial ground for nearly 1,500 years for well-off citizens, whose memorials ranged from simple sarcophagi to elaborate monuments. The Alyscamps was the final segment of the Aurelian Way leading up to the city gates. In 1981, the Alyscamps was classified a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Both Van Gogh and Gauguin did paintings there.